The Need for Data Literacy Information
Digital literacy is a lifelong learning skill. It is important to know where you can get trusted information and how to protect your privacy. Building digital literacy skills creates a stronger community.
Toronto Public Library understands the importance of building digital literacy skills. Toronto Public Library's 2020-2024 strategic plan lists digital literacy as an area of focus.
Cities for Digital Rights
In October 2019, the City of Toronto and 46 countries around the world signed a Cities for Digital Rights Declaration. The declaration is designed to protect, promote and upholds people’s digital rights. The coalition for Cities for Digital Rights developed five principles for cities to declare (PDF). It is important for cities to educate our communities to be in control of their data. Declared cities work together and build a smarter communities.
Innovator in Residence: Data Privacy
Recently, Toronto Public Library hosted an online Innovator in Residence program in the area of data privacy.
Lawyer and certified privacy professional Migan Megardichian, Innovator in Resident, delivered several programs. The goal of the residency is to educate us the in area of data privacy.
The Innovator in Residence program presented us with lots of useful information. Here are a few learning takeaways.
Privacy Policies and Laws
Privacy policies and laws are there to protect you when it comes to your personal data. It is important to know why your data is being collected. The following are a few resources to help you understand policies and how your personal data is protected.
- What is the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and how does it protect your privacy ?
- How do you file a complaint to the Ontario Privacy Comissioners office?
- What is the Personal Information Privacy Electronic Data Act, otherwise known as PIPEDA?
A privacy breach is when someone steals, loses or collects your personal data without your full consent. These resources provide information on how a company can prevent a breach and what happens when a breach occurs.
- Privacy by Design framework (PDF), designed by Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D., former Ontario Privacy Commissioner.
- Steps a company should take when there is a security breach.
- How companies examine if a privacy breach creates a real risk of significant harm, otherwise known as a RROSH analysis.
Artificial Intelligence (AI), is computers or software that imitate human abilities. AI is a tool built to help us, but we have to be careful when machines are doing the work of a human.
The Innovator in Residence series offered a few programs in the area of AI. Participants learned how to always keep humans in the loop and also understand the consequences of AI. Here are a few takeaways from the Al programs.
- Learn about Bill C-11, which includes regulations for AI processes and rules for when machine learning is being used.
- Algorithmic Impact Assessment Tool (AIA) is a questionnaire for companies using machine learning. It helps them assess and avoid issues that comes with an automated decision system.
Data Privacy Resources
More data privacy resources by trusted privacy information experts.
- Info Matters Podcasts by Ontario Privacy Commissioners
- Lawbytes, a podcast about digital policies and conversations with experts in the field.
- IAPP's The Privacy Advisor Podcast offers an international perspective, including Canada, in the area of privacy .
Responsible AI Resources
More resources from organizations that specialize in AI.
- Vector Institute, a private AI research institute in Toronto.
- Alan Turning Institute, a institute for data science and artificial intelligence.
- The Age of AI, a series available on Youtube. It explores the uses of AI and is hosted by Robert Downey Jr.
- Google Model Cards. Model cards are short documents accompanying trained machine learning models.
- Google Cloud Platform offers AI and machine learning products.
- AI Ethics Lab explores ethical risks and opportunities in building and using AI systems.
These reports also address machine learning and responsible AI.
- A Framework for Understanding Unintended Consequences of Machine Learning (PDF): A framework that outlines the issues that can come from machine learning .
- Artificial Intelligence Policy and Funding in Canada (PDF): A report that examines public investment in AI .
- Montreal Declaration for Responsible AI: The Montreal Declaration is about responsible AI.
- The Toronto's Declaration: Protecting the right to equality and non-discrimination in machine learning systems (PDF): This declaration outlines the impact of AI on human rights .
Library Resources to Continue Your Learning
If you're looking for more ways to learn, try the following Toronto Public Library resources. They are available to check out with your Toronto Public Library Card .
Also check out the following Toronto Public Library resources on responsible AI and digital privacy.
Courses from LinkedIn Learning
Beginner and intermediate courses in the area of Digital Privacy and Algorithmic Literacy are available through LinkedIn Learning (formerly Lynda.com). You will need to log in using your valid Toronto Public Library card to access the videos listed below.
This course is designed to walk you through making the right decisions when it comes to data, AI decisions and ethics when it comes to improving your business. The course is designed for beginners.
A short beginner video that outlines what privacy is, how to change a company's culture when it comes to privacy.
Working from home has presented lots of security questions, this short beginner level video will go over how to protect your home office.
This course will guide you through what is a smart city, how data works, examples of smart cities, what is Internet of Things (IoT).