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Bending Minds: The Architecture of Frank Gehry

August 26, 2016 | Maureen | Comments (0)

Please join us at North York Central Library on Thursday, September 29, for a talk on world renowned architect Frank Gehry. The talk begins at 7:00 p.m. and will be given by Larry Wayne Richards, Professor Emeritus and former Dean of the John H. Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design, University of Toronto.

Frank Gehry's roots are in Toronto. He was born here in 1929, and spent his formative years in Toronto's Jewish ghetto, before his family immigrated to Los Angeles in 1947. His grandmother bought fish for the Sabbath meal at Kensington Market. He played in Grange Park, not far from the Art Gallery of Ontario, which he would one day transform. He developed a love of working with his hands helping out in his grandfather's hardware store on Queen Street West, laying a foundation for his future: "That nurtured it: learning to work with pipe, to cut pipe, put the threads on it, to cut glass...I used to love opening those boxes of bolts and looking at them, and making stuff with them." (Frank Gehry: Toronto). The little boy who created cities out of scraps of wood grew up to design bold, unconventional, buildings that got people talking about architecture in a way they hadn't for many years. Gehry was never interested in making more of the ubiquitous concrete boxes that dominate modern city sky lines. This statement by Gehry gets to the heart of his work: "I approach each building as a sculptural object." (Contemporary Architects).

Gehry's audacious architectural designs are characterized by free flowing, sensuous curves, undulating lines, swooping sheets of metal that billow like sails on a boat. In an essay written to celebrate Gehry's winning the prestigous Pritzker Architecture Prize, Ada Louise Huxtable wrote, "Delight breaks through constantly; there are no gloomy Gehry buildings. One cannot think of anything he has done that doesn’t make one smile." 

Take a look at these innovative buildings, designed by Gehry:

Dancing House, Prague

Nationale-Nederlanden building, Prague. (Architects: Vlado Milunić and Frank Gehry)

Photo by Dino Quinzani, Wikimedia Commons

 

Weisman Art Museum, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Frederick Weisman Museum of Art, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Photo by Mulad, Wikimedia Commons

Lou Ruvo Center

  Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, Las Vegas

Photo by Cygnusloop99, Wikimedia Commons

 

Experience Music Project

Experience Music Project, Seattle, Washington

Photo by Cacophony, Wikimedia Common

Gehry's design for the EMP museum (which celebrates pop culture) was inspired by shattered electric guitars. Gehry bought some electric guitars, cut them up, and used the pieces to create an early model of the museum. 

  Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain

 Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain

Photo by MykReeve, Wikimedia Commons

Renowned architect Philip Johnson traveled to Spain in 1998 at the age of 91 to see the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, just after it was finished. It brought him to tears. He later pronounced it to be "the greatest building of our time." Paul Goldberger, author of Why architecture matters, said the building was "truly a signal moment in the architectural culture." Here's a detail of the Guggenheim Museum:  


Guggenheim Bilbao detail

 

 Photo by E. Goergen, Wikimedia Commons

 

Art Gallery of Ontario

 

Art Gallery of Ontario after Frank Gehry's redesign

Photo: John Joh, Wikimedia Commons

Pick up a MAP pass to see Frank Gehry's stunning redesign of the Art Gallery of Ontario from the inside. With a valid adult Toronto Public Library card, you can get a pass to visit the Art Gallery of Ontario for free from any library branch. The Sun Life Financial Museum + Arts Pass (MAP) lets you and your family explore the best of Toronto's arts and cultural treasures for free. Call your local branch for more details about how to get a pass.

The library has copies of Sketches of Frank Gehry, a documentary about the architect directed by his longtime friend, Sydney Pollock:

Sketches of Frank Gehry
 

 

 Here are some books you can borrow on Frank Gehry:

Conversations with Frank Gehry Frank Gehry
   

 

Frank Gehry -- the houses Frank Gehry, architect
   

 

Frank O. Gehry -- selected works 1969 to today Symphony -- Frank Gehry's Walt Disney Concert Hall
   

 

Building Art -- the life and work of Frank Gehry
 

 

Augmented Reality

August 5, 2016 | Jeannette | Comments (0)

Daughter with Pidgey Pokémon
My daughter petting a pidgey Pokémon at the doctor's office

The Oxford English Dictionary defines augmented reality as the use of technology which allows the perception of the physical world to be enhanced or modified by computer-generated stimuli. By adding graphics, sounds and other sensory elements to the reality we see, it blurs the line between what’s real and what’s computer-generated. Unlike virtual reality where you’re immersed in a virtual world, augmented reality adds to and enhances our real world environment. So picture being able to see information about traffic, weather, restaurants and other things superimposed to your environment as you're walking down the street. Or like Iron Man.

Thanks to the craze of the Pokémon Go game, it has taken augmented reality into the mainstream. With 100 million downloads, it has introduced and popularized this technology to the general public. Players catch Pokémons that are digitally superimposed into our real world environments. The novelty of seeing Pokémons in real life and the obsession of collecting them, has contributed to the game’s success. You can even catch Pokémons, stock up on supplies or battle your Pokémon at the library. Check out the list of library branches with Pokémons, Poké Stops and gym locations.

If catching Pokémons isn’t your thing, technology blog Gizmodo provides a list of alternative augmented reality mobile apps. How cool is it to be able to see if a piece of furniture goes with the décor in your room before buying it with the Ikea app? The possibilities of augmented reality seem endless. In addition to gaming, it can be used in education, health care, engineering and much more.

To learn more able augmented reality and virtual reality, check out some of these e-books:

Augmented Reality - An Emerging Technologies Guide to AR   Augmented Reality - Principles and Practice   Cardboard VR Projects for Android   Developing AR Games for iOS and Android

Learning Virtual Reality   Oculus Rift in Action   Understanding Augmented Reality   Unity Virtual Reality Projects

Prefer to read from a physical book? Here are some books on the topics:

Augmented Reality   Learning Virtual Reality   Pro iOS 5 Augmented Reality   Prototyping Augmented Reality

To stay updated on the latest technology, here are some e-magazines that can be accessed on your computer, mobile device or tablet:

Maximum PC   Net   PC Magazine   Wired

Don't forget to check out one of our Digital Innovation Hubs for access to the latest technology like 3D printers. At the North York Central Library, we'll be getting our own Digital Innovation Hub and creation space after the renovation. In the meantime, signup for one of our digital design classes to learn about 3D design, computer graphics, audio editing and more.

War Posters From 102 Years Ago Today

July 29, 2016 | Ann | Comments (2)

Images from The Archives New Zealand on Flickr
Photo Courtesy of The Archives of New Zealand under licence CC 2.0

August 1, 2016 is a great day to relax and spend away from the office to bask in the sun before the colder temperatures return. In contrast to this fine day of comfort, warmth, and leisure, on August 1, 1914, a different scenario was taking place -- hostile events culminated in starting the first day of World War I in Britain. Recruitment posters began appearing in distant locations around the world requesting young men to join in the fight. The poster of this August lion was publicized in New Zealand. More historical posters from that continent are available through the NZ History website.

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On the American Front, James Montgomery Flagg created "the most famous wartime poster in the world." This recruitment poster was published in July 1916 and became a permanent fixture in American folklore. Also worth noting is the fact that the Uncle Sam character resembles James M. Flagg himself.

 

"I Want You" poster: The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
This image is a work of a US military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the US federal government, the image is in the public domain.

Similarly, on the British Front, another personality promoted military recruitment. This fictitious personality portrays a boisterous wealthy English farmer by the name of John Bull. The name of the artist for this poster is unknown but it was printed by Andrew Reid & Company Limited. The history of this character goes back to the 1700s and was created by a British mathematician and author, John Arbuthnot as noted in his original (1712) title, The History of John Bull.

Other World War One posters available at ww1propaganda.com
This artistic work created by the United Kingdom Government is in the public domain.

With the Union Flag emblazoned across his full belly, the slogan asked, "Who's Absent? Is it You?" Behind him a line of soldiers reveals gaps where soldiers would be and burning buildings behind the gaps that need addressing. This poster shows a subtle approach to the dire need for men in comparison to Uncle Sam's big furrowing brows, no-nonsense frown, steely gaze, in-your-face pointing finger, and the directive, "I Want You for the US Army." 

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Canada has also offered assistance to the Great War through recruitment and by purchasing Victory Bonds to help fund the soldiers in the fight overseas. 

They Serve France.  How can I serve Canada?  Buy Victory Bonds
Image courtesy of the Toronto Public Library

More patriotic posters are available through our Toronto Public Library Archive

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Finally, what better way to support our soldiers than to entertain them and lift their spirits through a donation of books to your local library for the soldiers abroad: 

The American Library Association through the University of Illinois has also put together a digital archive of historic posters worth glancing through.

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Also, here are some titles on propaganda, art and how the fancy slogans are created to draw the men and women to join in the Great War.

Propaganda and censorship during Canada's Great War Secret warriors: key scientists, code breakers and propagandists of the Great War For home and country: World War I propaganda on the home front
Picture this: World War I posters and visual culture Art or memorial?: the forgotten history of Canada's war art Art at the service of war: Canada, art, and the Great War

Also have a look at The Toronto Public Library’s Pinterest Board with a selection of World War 1 Posters as well as the following blog posts from the past:

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Enjoy the long weekend filled with fun and exciting events. Contemplate how this time was spent over a century ago. The war preparations, the posters beckoning recruitment, and the ongoing carnage and bravery have remained permanently embedded in our world history.

Breaking the Grass Laws, Loving the Weed

July 29, 2016 | Maureen | Comments (4)

Take a look at the lawns on the covers of these books:

John Deere landscaping & lawn care - the complete guide to a beautiful yard year-round Ortho's all about lawns The complete guide to a better lawn - how to plant, maintain & improve your yard & lawn

And these lawns, on the covers of organic lawn care books:

Organic lawn care - growing grass the natural way The organic lawn care manual - a natural, low-maintenance system for a beautiful, safe lawn Lawns for Canada - natural and organic

I see a lawn like this and think, I bet I'd have to use a coaster in that house. And sit up very straight in an expensive white chair. Woe to the dandelion that dares to raise its sunny face on these battlefields, where man and nature clash all summer long. But if grass with a buzz cut is your idea of beauty, click on the books pictured here to reserve one of these lawn care instruction books. 

I prefer a lawn that looks like nature is at least putting up a fight. These lawns are more my style:

Natural gardening in small spaces The American meadow garden - creating a natural alternative to the traditional lawn The living landscape

But way beyond my capabilities. I'm one of those kill-everything-she-touches type gardeners, so I don't touch. I let nature have her way with my bit of sod. I have no book recommendations for you on this laissez-faire landscaping style -- you don't need any. It's real easy. Sprinkle a few wildflower seeds if you want, or not, then just wait to see what grows. But get ready to harvest a bumper crop of stink eye from your neighbours when the weeds reach your belly button! Look what grew on my lawn without any help from me! I especially like the thistle thingy.


Weedsmall

Thistle small

At this point, I'm guessing I've alienated those of you who have lawns that look like they belong to Nurse Ratched in One flew over the cuckoo's nest. And if you're thinking that I'm breaking some kind of rule, well, right you are! Municipal Code Chapter 489, Grass and Weeds states, "The owner or occupant of private land shall cut the grass and weeds on their land...whenever the growth of grass and weeds exceeds 20 centimetres in height." Some of my most spectacular weeds are four times that high!

Here's what Chapter 489 of the Municipal Code means by weeds:

(1) All noxious weeds and local weeds designated under the Weed Control Act; and

(2) Any other vegetation growth that does not form part of a natural garden that has been deliberately implemented to produce ground cover...consistent with a managed and natural landscape other than regularly mown grass.

I think that means I'm on the right side of the law if I say that my botanical chaos/gnome kingdom is a "natural garden" which I "deliberately implemented." OK, let's go with that, I did it on purpose. But we natural gardeners are not so easily let off the Chapter 489 hook. To fend off busy-body complaint filing neighbours, we'd need to apply for a Natural Garden Exemption. And we'd have to get the city horticulturalist to inspect our urban jungle and, hopefully, recommend approval of the exemption. And it might be a good idea to consult the list of noxious weeds in Ontario before the friendly horticulturalist comes calling, to check for trouble makers like giant hogweed (the sap can cause skin to burn), poison hemlock (can cause respiratory failure in humans when ingested), or ragweed (can cause hay fever).

There are some real bad-ass weeds out there -- poisonous, tough, fast-growing, invasive, manifest destiny practicing bullies, that choke out native plants. But it's not fair to demonize all weeds. Where one person sees a weed, another might see a lovely wild flower, or nutritious salad greens, a nice cup of tea, herbal medicine, a spring tonic, or an insect habitat. Here are some books that look at weeds with a sympathetic eye:

The wild wisdom of weeds -13 essential plants for human survival Weeds - in defense of nature's most unloved plants Weeds
Adventures in edible plant foraging - finding, identifying, harvesting, and preparing native and invasive, wild plants Backyard foraging - 65 familiar plants you didn't know you could eat Wild edibles - a practical guide to foraging, with easy identification of 60 edible plants and 67 recipes

Take the common dandelion for instance. Every part of this scorned weed can be eaten. Dandelion greens can be used in salads, the roasted roots can be consumed as a caffeine-free coffee substitute, and the flowers can be used to make dandelion wine. Which brings to mind a quote from one of my favourite Ray Bradbury books, Dandelion wine (a perfect summer read, by the way): "Dandelion wine. The words were summer on the tongue. The wine was summer caught and stoppered."

Dandelion wine"Twelve-year-old Douglas Spaulding knows Green Town, Illinois, is as vast and deep as the whole wide world that lies beyond the city limits. It is a pair of brand-new tennis shoes, the first harvest of dandelions for Grandfather's renowned intoxicant, the distant clang of the trolley's bell on a hazy afternoon. But as Douglas is about to discover, summer can be more than the repetition of established rituals whose mystical power holds time at bay. It can be a best friend moving away, a human time machine who can transport you back to the Civil War, or a sideshow automaton able to glimpse the bittersweet future."

Are you feeling a little friendlier towards the common weed? No? Maybe this random collection of books with dandelions in the title will sway you:

The dandelion years - Erica James Dandelion summer - Lisa Wingate
The dandelion field - Kathryn Springer Dandelion - memoir of a free spirt, by Catherine James

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Free Science Events in Toronto for August 2016

July 26, 2016 | Jeannette | Comments (0)

The Business, Science and Technology Department of North York Central Library compiles a monthly calendar of free science and applied science events in Toronto. Applied science includes health, gardening, pets and food; all subjects found in the department's collection. Here is the August calendar (PDF).

August's highlights include:

The Toronto Public Library also offers many free science and applied science events:

At the Library, August's highlights include:

Can't attend a program or want to read more about the topics covered? Try some of these books:

Introducing Data Science   The Hair Bible   Coconut 24-7   A Plant-Based Life

Inkscape   Birder's Conservation Handbook   The Total Bike Maintenance Book   Natural Beauty Alchemy

July 18 is Mandela Day

July 18, 2016 | Carrie | Comments (0)

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 and would be celebrating his 98th birthday today if he was still alive (he passed away in 2013). To honour his legacy and to promote community service worldwide, July 18 was declared Nelson Mandela International Day (or 'Mandela Day') by the United Nations in 2009. In recognition of one of the world's most inspiring anti-apartheid leaders and symbols of freedom and equality, here are six books to help celebrate 'Mandela Day.'

Long walk to freedom              Young Mandela                                   Prisoner in the Garden (2)                                 

The Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela by Nelson Mandela

 Young Mandela: The Revolutionary Years by David James Smith

 A Prisoner in the Garden by Nelson Mandela

       

Playing the enemy

              Conversations with Myself                              

    Notes to the future 

 Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation by John Carlin

 Conversations with Myself By Nelson Mandela

Notes to the Future By Nelson Mandela              

The Nelson Mandela Foundation asks people to give up 67 minutes on Mandela Day -- one minute for every year of Mandela's public service -- to take action and inspire change. The objective is to "inspire individuals to take action to help change the world for the better and in so doing, to build a global movement for good."

Some of the suggested activities include:

  • Make a new friend. Get to know someone from a different cultural background.
  • Read to someone who can’t.
  • Help someone get a job. Put together and print a CV for them, or help them with their interview skills.
  • Offer to take an elderly neighbour who can't drive to do their shopping/chores.
  • Donate your skills!

 

 

 

And the Award for Best Cookbook Goes to…

July 8, 2016 | Jeannette | Comments (1)

The ceremonies celebrating the best cookbooks of 2015 were held recently.

The International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP) Cookbook Awards honoured authors, publishers and other contributors behind the best cookbooks published last year. The association strives to promote quality and creativity in writing and publishing and to expand the awareness of culinary literature. They awarded the cookbook of the year to…

The Food Lab

The Food Lab
(also available: e-book)

In The Food Lab, Kenji focuses on the science behind beloved American dishes, delving into the interactions between heat, energy and molecules that create great food. Kenji shows that often, conventional methods don't work that well, and home cooks can achieve far better results using new, but simple, techniques.

Here are some of the other IACP award winning cookbooks:

Dinner at Home   Fast Food, Good Food   Food52 Genius Recipes   The Occidental Arts and Ecology Center Cookbook

Phoenix Claws and Jade Trees   The Picnic   Tacos   Vegetarian India

Visit IACP’s website for the full list of winners.

The James Beard Foundation Book Awards celebrated books that contributed to the growing canon of information and knowledge about food and beverage. This year, the book of the year went to…

Zahav

Zahav: A World of Israeli Cooking

Zahav tells an authoritative and personal story of how Solomonov embraced the food of his birthplace. It showcases the melting-pot cooking of Israel, especially the influences of the Middle East, North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Eastern Europe. With its blend of technique and passion, this book shows readers how to make his food their own.

Here are some of the other James Beard Foundation award winning cookbooks:

A Bird in the Hand   Near and Far   NOPI   V is for Vegetables

Visit the James Beard Foundation website for the full list of winners.

The Gourmand World Cookbooks Award honoured the best food and wine books, printed or digital, as well as food television. They presented the best cookbook of the year to…

With Our Own Hands

With Our Own Hands

This book tells the story of the Afghan and Tajik Pamir Mountains, the old traditions and rapid changes in people's lives and the way they interact with the landscape. It is also a book about the origins of food. Combining stories, essays, recipes, and photography, With Our Own Hands seeks to strengthen the pride of the Pamiri people and excite the curiosity of those who appreciate diversity in food and agriculture, and the role it plays in people's relationships with nature and with each other.

Here are some of the other Gourmand International award winning cookbooks:

The Ghana Cookbook   Montreal Cooks   Soup for Syria   Vegan Everyday

Visit the Gourmand International website for the full list of winners.

Many of the award winning cookbooks can be read online or on a mobile device. Search for the titles in OverDrive, the library's e-book and e-audiobook digital content service.

Hockey Players Clobber Artists

June 30, 2016 | Maureen | Comments (8)

How many hockey players does it take to make you feel dumb about Canadian art? If you said three, good guess. A recent poll showed that Canadians had no trouble coming up with the names of hockey players -- 97 percent of those polled could name three or more. I came up with ten, and I don't even care about hockey. Hey, put away those pitchforks and torches -- I promise, I WILL be a fan during the last game of the playoffs, if the Leafs ever make it that far. Or the Habs. Or ANY Canadian team.

The fact that Canadians -- even the least athletic or sporty among us, know the names of hockey players, is no big shocker. Canadians exhale Zamboni fumes. Baby Canadians drink in the names of hockey stars with their mother's milk. The more unsettling revelation that came from this poll is that 54 percent of Canadians couldn't come up with the name of a single Canadian visual artist, living or dead. And those that could, picked the usual (albeit incredibly talented and venerated) suspects: Emily Carr, Tom Thomson and two members of the Group of Seven, A. Y. Jackson, and Lawren Harris.

Emily Carr collected A treasury of Tom Thomson
A. Y. Jackson - the life of a landscape painter Lawren Stewart Harris - a painter's progress

If there was a Conn Smythe Trophy for most valuable player in the visual arts, these four painters would surely have won it. Their impressions of the Canadian landscape are as much a part of the Canadian psyche as Paul Henderson's game winning goal with only 34 seconds left to play in the 1972 Canada-USSR Summit Series. When I think of Ontario's north, I swear, I see it like this:

  The west wind

The west wind, Tom Thomson - with permission from the Art Gallery of Ontario

In celebration of Canada Day, let's take a moment to consider some other Canadian visual artists. The hockey season is over. The winter Olympics are more than two years off. Light filled summer days are perfect for looking at these art books.

David Altmejd
David Altmejd, sculptor

 

The women of Beaver Hall - Canadian modernist painters
The Beaver Hall Group

 

Manufactured landscapes
Edward Burtynsky, photographer

 

Colville
Alex Colville, painter

 

Kurelek country - the art of William Kurelek
William Kurelek, painter

 

A fool in paradise - an artist's early life
Doris McCarthy, artist specializing in abstracted landscapes

 

David Milne - watercolours
David Milne, painter, printmaker

 

Norval Morrisseau - Return To The House Of Invention
Norval Morrisseau, artist

 

Odjig - the art of Daphne Odjig, 1960-2000
Daphne Odjig, artist

 

Christopher Pratt - the places I go

Christopher Pratt, painter, printmaker

 

Mary Pratt
Mary Pratt, painter

 

Jeff-wall-exposure
Jeff Wall, photographer

 

Steve Martin, the American comedian/actor/musician/author/art collector -- let's just say, all round genius -- was so taken with the work of Lawren Harris, he curated an exhibition of his work. The idea of north: the paintings of Lawren Harris will be at the Art Gallery of Ontario from July 1 to September 18. Pick up a Sun Life Financial Museum and Arts Pass at your local Toronto Public Library branch, and you can go to the Art Gallery of Ontario for free. You can borrow the beautiful book The idea of north: the paintings of Lawren Harris from the Toronto Public Library.

The idea of North - the paintings of Lawren Harris

 

National Post article, June 20, 2016: Over 50 per cent of Canadians can't name a Canadian painter; 97 per cent can name multiple hockey players

 

Free Science Events in Toronto for July 2016

June 28, 2016 | Jeannette | Comments (0)

The Business, Science and Technology Department of North York Central Library compiles a monthly calendar of free science and applied science events in Toronto. Applied science includes health, gardening, pets and food; all subjects found in the department's collection. Here is the July calendar (PDF).

July's highlights include:

  • July 7: Healthy Digestion - Learn more about the best digestive foods and exercises to increase metabolism and digestion.
  • July 12: Stem Cells: The Hope and the Hype - Join leading experts for a realistic view of what stems cells hold for all of us - now and in the future.
  • July 24: Water World - Discover how water works and how to keep our water clean.

The Toronto Public Library also offers many free science and applied science events:

At the Library, July's highlights include:

Can't attend a program or want to read more about the topics covered? Try some of these books:

Digestive Wellness   The Healing Cell   Connecting the Drops   The Big Book of Maker Skills

The Music of Being   Crowdsourced Health   The Culinary Herbal   Open Data Structures

Here Comes the Summer Solstice!

June 20, 2016 | Ann | Comments (0)

Mandala titles for your reading interest!
Photo courtesy of Bart Everson on Flickr under cc Generic 2.0 licence.

While temperatures soared above the 30 degree Celsius mark after Victoria Day on May 23rd, summer officially begins at 6:34 pm today. As the commuter traffic dwindles, the Summer Solstice pours through the City hurling us into hot and humid weather. Today starts the season of swimming pools, bug bites and scorching sunburns.

Here are some historically hot topics for you to glance through on your patio:

Indian summer: the secret history of the end of an empire Empire of the summer moon: Quanah Parker and the rise and fall of the Comanches, the most powerful Indian tribe in American history The long summer: how climate changed civilization Martian summer: robot arms, cowboy spacemen, and my 90 days with the Phoenix Mars Mission
Freedom summer: the savage summer that made Mississippi burn and made America a democracy Summer of '68: the season that changed baseball-- and America-- forever The summer of beer and whiskey: how brewers, barkeeps, rowdies, immigrants, and a wild pennant fight made baseball America's game Red heat: conspiracy, murder, and the Cold War in the Caribbean

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Today also celebrates the longest day of the year. From this day forward, daylight hours gradually shorten over time. Six months from today, on Wednesday, December 21st at 5:44 pm, the Winter Solstice will mark the shortest day of the year. From that day forward, daylight hours with increase again until the next Summer Solstice arrives to complete the cycle. In contrast, the Spring and Fall Equinox mark the period when daylight balances evenly with the nighttime hours because the sun is directly over the Earth's equator. Paige Williams' (2013) article provides a detailed understanding on how seasons occur as a result of how our planet is tilted. 

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As the Earth tilts favourably towards the Sun at different areas of the world, people gather to celebrate this day with food and festivities. Here are four articles on Summer Solstice celebrations from around the world:

  1. Top 10 Summer Solstice Celebrations Around the World by Huffpost Travel
  2. 5 summer solstice celebrations from around the world by Mashable.com
  3. 5 Ways to Celebrate the Summer Solstice Around the World by Care2.com
  4. 15 Summer Holiday Traditions from Around the World by Becky Ferreira

Or, you can create your very own Summer Solstice festivity from WikiHow.

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Enjoy these previous TPL blogs as the summer moves forward:

  1. Summer Awakens the Wandering Traveler
  2. UFO or Weather Balloon
  3. Elizabeth Posthuma Simcoe, 1762-1850
  4. Let's Go to the EX!

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While planning your fun in the City, have a look at the following websites:

  1. Toronto Hogspot Activities/Events/Fun
  2. City of Toronto - Special Events
  3. Toronto festivals and events calendar

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Summer would not be complete without some amazing activities for the children and family across the City. Thursday, June 30, 2016, the TD Summer Reading Club registration begins and the book reporting starts on Monday, July 4, 2016! The program runs all summer long and ends on Saturday, September 3, 2016. Children are encouraged to sign up, read books, join in on some amazing activities, and spend the best part of the summer learning and having fun.

Summer Reading Club 2016

Enjoy this day and every sun-drenched day that is available for the next three months. The weather can only get better from this point forward. No matter where you reside, the Summer Solstice arrives to bring joy and celebration all around.

Welcome to North York Central Library. We're one of the City's most welcoming spaces, open to all for study, research, relaxation and fun.

Our extensive digital and print collections, programs and services are yours to use, borrow and explore. Expert staff are always on hand to help. Meet us in person or join us online.