Remembering the Globe and Mail Newspaper: November 23: Snapshots in History
Page one of the November 23, 1936 issue of the Globe and Mail newspaper included the following small notice: “Special Notice…Effective with this issue of The Globe and Mail, all subscribers, whose copy of The Globe or The Mail and Empire has been sent enclosed in a dealer’s bundle, will receive their papers by mail. This applies only to subscribers outside of Toronto”. More prominently displayed on page one was an article entitled “A MESSAGE to the Readers of the Globe and Mail”, penned by President and Publisher George McCullagh. Here is an excerpt from that message:
“The task of uniting two of Canada’s greatest newspapers, upholding the best in the traditions of each, and reconciling as far as possible their divergent policies involves a responsibility which I acknowledge fully…The Mail and Empire has been ardently Conservative; the Globe has been Independent Liberal. It has been announced that The Globe and Mail will be independent…Just and fair treatment for all parties in the discussion of political subjects will be sought…A newspaper, like the public, has the right to freedom of expression. The Globe and Mail will exercise it without subservience to either party. It does not expect to please everybody, but its efforts will be guided by honest conviction.”
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Many of us living and working in the Greater Toronto Area know the Globe and Mail to be one of the large newspapers that people rely on for news (including business-related) and commentary. In fact, the Globe and Mail has branded itself as Canada’s national newspaper. Take a moment to remember the origins of this newspaper as the Globe and Mail published its first issue on November 23, 1936, following the merger of the Globe and the Mail and Empire newspapers. The Globe had been founded in 1844 by Scottish immigrant and subsequent Father of Confederation George Brown.
The Mail and Empire newspaper was a small-c conservative newspaper that was formed in 1895 following a merger of two small-c conservative newspapers, namely the Toronto Mail and the Toronto Empire. The Toronto Mail was founded in 1872 by T.C. Patterson and was known as Toronto’s conservative newspaper until it declared itself to be politically independent in 1886, further prompting Prime Minister John A. Macdonald to found the Toronto Empire newspaper in 1887 to be the media voice of Toronto’s conservatives and the counterpoint to The Globe, founded by his now-deceased rival George Brown. Following the death of Macdonald in 1891, the Mail and Empire joined forces four years later. Along the way, the Mail and Empire purchased the assets of the Toronto World newspaper (established 1880) in 1921, a newspaper popular with working people and a challenger to civic corruption and the religious establishment. Fifteen years later, the Conservative-leaning Mail and Empire (with a circulation of 118,000) amalgamated with the Liberal-leaning Globe (with a circulation of 78,000) to become the Globe and Mail that we know today, under the tutelage of George McCullagh (1905-1952) who later owned the Toronto Telegram newspaper for a time.
Consider the following titles for borrowing from Toronto Public Library collections: